Glossary and References
AMNH  American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA
AMS  Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia
ANSP Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, USA
BMH  Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, USA (Hawaii)
BSNH  Boston Society of Natural History, Boston, USA
CMNH  The Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburg, USA
CNCI  Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada
CSIRO  Commonwealth Science and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia
DEI  Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Mòncheberg, Germany
EIHUS  Entomological Institute, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
INBC  Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica 
IRSNB  Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
IZB  Institut of Zoology, Beijing, China
KUF College of General Education, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
LSL  Linnean Society of London, London, U.K.
MCSNM  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan, Italy
MCZC  Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
MEL  Museo Entomologico, León, Nicaragua 
MGAB  Muzeul de Istoria Naturala "Grigore Antipa", Bucharest, Romania
MHN Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
MHNL  Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Lille, France
MNCNM  Museo National de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
MNHNB  Museo National de Historia Natural, La Paz, Bolivia
MNHNP  Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
MRAC Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium
MSNV  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Venice, Italy
MTMB Magyar Természettudomanyi Museum Allattara, Budapest, Hungary
MZLSF  Museo Zoologica "La Specola", Florence, Italy
MZUSP  Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sã Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
NHML  The Natural History Museum, London, U.K.
NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
NHRM  Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden
NMBAA  Naturhistorisches Museum der Benediktiner Abtei, Admont, Austria
NMID National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
NMNHW  National Museum of Natural History, Washington, USA
NMP Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
NNMW  Namibian National Museum, Windhoek, Namibia
NSMT  National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan
NYSMA  New York State Museum, Albany, USA
RMBR Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research
SEMK Snow Entomological Museum, Kansas University, Lawrence, USA
SMNS  Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany
TAU  Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
UAE  University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
UAVMO  Obihiro University of Agricultural and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Japan
UFP Departmento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Paraná, Brazil
UGG  University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada UMC Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
UMO Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Oxford, U.K.
WAMP Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia
ZISP  Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
ZMHUB  Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Germany
ZMUA Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
ZMUC  Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark 
ZMUH Zoological Museum, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
ZMUL  Zoological Museum, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
ZMUM Zoological Museum, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ZSIC  Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India

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Main texts:

Ozerov, A.L.,2005: World catalogue of the family Sepsidae (Insecta: Diptera). Zoologicheskie issledovania
Pont, A.C. & Meier, R., 2002: The Sepsidae (Diptera) of Europe. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica

Additional texts:

Alfken, J. D., 1924: Die Insekten des Memmert. Zum Problem der Besiedelung einer neuentstehenden Insel. – Abh. naturw. Ver. Bremen 25 (3): 358-481.
Ardö, P., 1957: Studies in the marine shore dune ecosystem with special reference to the Dipterous fauna. – Opusc. ent. Suppl. 14: 255 pp., 82 figs, 11 tables.
Ashmole, N. P., Nelson, J. M., Shaw, M. R. & Garside, A., 1983: Insects and spiders on snowfields in the Cairngorms, Scotland. – J. nat. Hist. 17 (4): 599-613.
Bährmann, R., 1993a: Zum Vorkommen der Sepsidae in unterschiedlichen Rasenökosystemen Thüringens. – Beitr. Ent. 43 (1): 97-113, 3 figs, 13 tables.
Blanckenhorn, W. U., 1997: Altitudinal life history variation in the dung flies Scathophaga stercoraria and Sepsis cynipsea. – Oecologia 109: 342-352, 4 tables, 6 figs.
Blanckenhorn, W. U., 1998: Altitudinal differentiation in the diapause response of two species of dung flies. – Ecol. Ent. 23: 1-8, 1 table, 3 figs.
Blanckenhorn, W. U., Morf, C., Mühlhäuser, C. & Reusch, T., 1999: Spatiotemporal variation in selection on body size in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea. – J. Evol. Biol. 12: 563-576, 7 tables, 2 figs.
Brindle, A., 1965: Taxonomic notes on the larvae of British Diptera. No. 20 - The Sepsidae. – Entomologist 98: 137-140, 11 figs.
Czerny, L., 1903: ‘Dreikönigs-Fliegen.’ (Ausbeute an Dipteren am 6.-8. Jänner 1903.) – Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 53 (3-4): 238-240.
Eberhard, W. G., 1999: Mating systems of sepsid flies and sexual behavior away from oviposition sites by Sepsis neocynipsea (Diptera: Sepsidae). – J. Kans. ent. Soc. 72 (1): 129-130.
Frey, R., 1908: Ueber die in Finnland gefundenen Artendes Formenkreises der Gattung Sepsis Fall. (Dipt.). – Dt. ent. Z. 1908 (5): 577-588, 6 figs.
Goot, V. S. van der, 1986a: De Sepsidae van Nederland, 1856-1984 (Diptera). 3. Catalogus van de Nederlandse Sepsidae. – Ent. Ber., Amst. 46 (1): 1-6.
Goot, V. S. van der, 1986b: Een opeenhoping van wenkvliegjes op een vreemde plaats (Diptera: Sepsidae). – Ent. Ber., Amst. 46 (3): 33-34.
Haliday, A. H., 1851: Sendschreiben an C. A. Dohrn über die Dipteren der in London befindlichen Linnéischen Sammlung. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Anna Dohrn. – Stettin. ent. Ztg 12: 131-145.
Hammer, O., 1941: Biological and ecological investigations on flies associated with pasturing cattle and their excrement. – Vidensk. Meddr dansk naturh. Foren. 105: 141-394, 50 figs, 21 tables. [Also reprinted with pagination 1-257.]
Hennig, W., 1949: Sepsidae. – In Lindner, E.: Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 39a: 91 pp., 82 figs, 10 plates. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.
Iwasa, M., 1980: Studies on the Sepsidae from Japan. I. Revision of the genus Sepsis Fallén, with a key to the Japanese genera. – Kontyû 48 (3): 402-413, 14 figs.
Iwasa, M., 1995: Revisional notes on the Japanese Sepsidae (Diptera). – Jap. J. Ent. 63 (4): 781-797, 15 figs.
Kiontke, K., 1996: The phoretic association of Diplogaster coprophila Sudhaus & Rehfeld, 1990 (Diplogastridae) from cow dung with its carriers, in particular flies of the family Sepsidae. – Nematologica 42 (3): 354-366, 5 figs.
Kirk, A. A., 1992: The effect of the dung pad fauna on the emergence of Musca tempestiva (Dipt.: Muscidae) from dung pads in southern France. – Entomophaga 37 (4): 507-514, 2 tables.
Krogerus, R., 1932: Über die Ökologie und Verbreitung der Arthropoden der Triebsandgebiete an den Küsten Finnlands. – Acta zool. fenn. 12: 308 pp., 39 figs, 29 maps, 31 tables, 12 diagrams.
Krogerus, R., 1960: Ökologische Studien über nordische Moorarthropoden. Artenbestand, ökologische Faktoren, Korrelation der Arten. – Commentat. biol. 21 (3): 238 pp., 5 figs, 31 tables, 29 diagrams.
Lavčiev, V. I. & Tsankova, R. N., 1980: Ecological studies on coprobiont dipterans in a dunghill near Sofia. [Bulgarian, with Russian and English summaries.] – Ekologiya, Sofiya 7: 3-14, 4 figs, 4 tables.
Linnaeus, C., 1758: Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edition. I. – Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [= Stockholm], 824 pp.
Linnaeus, C., 1761: Fauna Svecica sistens animalia Sveciae regni. 2nd edition [revised]. – Laurentii Salvii, Stockholmiae, [48 +] 578 pp., 2 plates.
Lyneborg, L., 1965: Hansted-Reservatets entomologi. (Entomology of the Hansted Reservation, Thy, Jutland.) 9. Diptera, Brachycera & Cyclorrhapha – Fluer. – Ent. Meddr 30 (3): 201-262.
McLachlan, A. J. & Allen, D. F., 1987: Male mating success in Diptera: advantages of small size. – Oikos 48: 11-14, 1 table, 2 figs.
Meier, R., 1995: A comparative SEM study of the eggs of the Sepsidae (Diptera) with a cladistic analysis based on egg, larval and adult characters. – Entomologica scand. 26: 425-438, 27 figs, 1 table.
Meier, R., 1996: Larval morphology of the Sepsidae (Diptera: Sciomyzoidea), with a cladistic analysis using adult and larval characters. – Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 228: 147 pp., 478 figs, 2 tables.
Minder, I. F., 1963: Sepsidae (Diptera) of the Moscow region. [In Russian.] – Ent. Obozr. 42 (2): 379-389, 24 figs. [English translation in Ent. Rev., Wash. 42 (2): 210-215.]
Naswaty, R., 1960: Beiträge zur Ökologie und Systematik der Sepsidae und Drosophilidae Frankens. – Sber. phys.-med. Soz. Erlangen, 80 [1959]: 74-120, 6 tables.
Ozerov, A. L., 1999: 88. Fam. Sepsidae. [In Russian.] – Pp. 556-570, figs 342-351 in Ler, L. P.: Key to the insects of the Russian Far East. 6, Diptera and Siphonaptera, part 1. – Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 665 pp., 393 figs, 1 map.
Papp, L., 1971: Ecological and production biological data on the significance of flies breeding in cattle droppings. – Acta zool. hung. 17 (1-2): 91-105, 3 tables.
Papp, L., 1976: Ecological and zoogeographical data on flies developing in excrement droppings (Diptera). – Acta zool. hung. 22 (1-2): 119-138, 7 tables.
Papp, L. & Garzó, P., 1985: Flies (Diptera) of pasturing cattle: some new data and new aspects. – Folia ent. hung. 46 (2): 153-168, 4 tables.
Parker, G. A., 1972: Reproductive behaviour of Sepsis cynipsea (L.) (Diptera: Sepsidae). I. Preliminary analysis of the reproductive strategy and its associated behaviour patterns. – Behaviour 41 (1-2): 172-206, 26 figs, plates 10-12, 1 table.
Payne, R. M., 1975: Insects at flowers of Elecampane (Inula helenium L.). – Entomologist’s mon. Mag. 110 [1974]: 221.
Payne, R. M., 1979: Insects attracted to Alexanders (Smyrnium olusatrum L.). – Entomologist’s mon. Mag. 113 [1977]: 233-234.
Pont, A. C., 1979: Sepsidae. Diptera Cyclorrhapha, Acalyptrata. – Handbk Ident. Br. Insects 10, 5 (c): 35 pp., 10 figs, 10 plates.
Pont, A. C., 1987: ‘The mysterious swarms of sepsid flies’: an enigma solved? – J. nat. Hist. 21 (2): 305-317.
Poppius, B. R., 1903: Blombiologiska iakttagelser. – Acta Soc. Fauna Flora fenn. 25 (1): 53 pp.
Randall, M., Coulson, J. C. & Butterfield, J., 1981: The distribution and biology of Sepsidae (Diptera) in upland regions of northern England. – Ecol. 1Ent. 6 (2): 183-190, 1 fig., 4 tables.
Reusch, T. & Blanckenhorn, W. U., 1998: Quantitative genetics of the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea: Cheverud’s conjecture revisited. – Heredity 81: 111-119, 2 tables, 2 figs.
Ringdahl, O., 1931: Insektfaunan inom Abisko Nationalpark. III. Studier under ledning av Yngve Sjöstedt. 6. Flugor - Diptera brachycera. – K. svenska Vetensk Akad. Skr. Naturskydd. 18: 1-32.
Ringdahl, O., 1951: Flugor från Lapplands, Jämtlands och Härjedalens fjälltrakter (Diptera Brachycera). – Opusc. ent. 16 (3): 113-186.
Ringdahl, O., 1954: Några dipterologiska anteckningar från Råå kärr och vassar. – Ent. Tidskr. 75 (2-4): 223-234.
Schulz, K., 1989: Vergleichende Untersuchung zur Biologie einiger kuhfladenbewohnender Arten der Gattung Sepsis (Diptera, Sepsidae). – Diplomarbeit des Fachbereichs Biologie, Freie Universität Berlin.
Schumann, H., 1961: Die Eier von Fliegen. – Mikrokosmos 50 (10): 297-300, 23 figs.
Schumann, H., 1962: Zur Morphologie einiger Larven der Familien Borboridae und Sepsidae (Diptera). – Mitt. zool. Mus. Berl. 38 (2): 415-450, 59 figs.
Schweiger, J., 1988: Beiträge zur Faunistik und Ökologie der Dipteren des Kuhfladens. Untersuchungen an zwei Berliner Standorten. – Diplomarbeit des Fachbereichs Biologie, Freie Universität Berlin.
Shtakel’berg, A. A. [Stackelberg], 1958: List of Diptera of the Leningrad region. III. Acalyptrata, part 1. [In Russian.] – Trudy zool. Inst. Leningr. 24: 103-246.
Silén, F., 1909: Blombiologiska iakttagelser i södra Finland, II. – Meddn Soc. Fauna Flora fenn. 35: 31-52.
Strand, E., 1913: Neue Beiträge zur Arthropodenfauna Norwegens nebst gelegentlichen Bemerkungen über deutsche Arten. XVIII. Weiteres über von mir gesammelte Diptera. – Nyt Mag. Naturvid. 51 (4): 323-329, 1 fig.
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Tuomikoski, R., 1952: Über die Nahrung der Empididen-Imagines (Dipt.). – Suom. hyönt. Aikak. 18 (4): 170-181.
Wahlgren, E., 1919: Tvåvingar. Diptera. Andra underordningen Cyclorapha. Andra gruppen Schizophora. Fam. 13-20. 17. Fam. Svängflugor. Sepsididae. – Svensk Insektfauna 11: 276-289, figs 133-135. Almqvist & Wiksell, Uppsala.
Ward, P. I., 1983: The effects of size on the mating behaviour of the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea. – Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 13: 75-80, 1 table, 2 figs.
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Zetterstedt, J. W., 1847: Diptera Scandinaviae disposita et descripta. Tomus sextus. [6]. – Ex officina lundbergiana, Lundae [= Lund]: 2163-2580.
Zuska, J. & Pont, A. C., 1984: Family Sepsidae. – Pp. 154-167 in Soós, Á . & Papp, L.: Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Volume 9. Micropezidae - Agromyzidae. – Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 460 pp.


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